Remotely Connect Multiple RDS Instances with phpMyAdmin

31 / Jan / 2014 by ankush 0 comments

I believe every System Admin working on Amazon Cloud might have faced a scenario where clients demand control of all the RDS databases via a single PHPMyAdmin host.

Even I have been asked to do the same from one of my clients. Many of you  might be already familiar with this process, but if you are not; I have mentioned detailed step-by-step guidelines to Remotely Connect Multiple RDS Instances with phpMyAdmin.

Let me explain the steps which helped me accomplish client’s requirement.

Firstly, you need to install phpMyAdmin using below command:

$sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin

After doing the same you need to ensure whether the RDS instances are accessible from the phpMyAdmin host or not.

To check the same, you need to run the below mentioned command from your phpMyAdmin host.

#mysql –h YourRDS Endpoint -P 3306 -u Username –pPassword

In case the RDS instance is not accessible from the host you will receive an error like:

ERROR 2003 (HY000): Can’t connect to MySQL server on ‘Your RDS Endpoint‘ (110)

If you do, then you need to check whether the Security Groups of your RDS instance has an entry of the phpmyadmin host’s CIDR/IP or Security Group associated with the host.

Once you have made all these changes, you can now access the RDS instance from host.

Now we need to make changes in phpMyAdminconfig file for Multiple RDS instances connections.

An apt-get installation of phpMyAdmin by default is done under /etc/dir which can connect only to MySQL on localhost.

Now in order to enable Multiple RDS instances to connect to single phpMyAdmin host, go to the

config.inc.php file under /etc/phpmyadmin

And search here for $cfg[‘Servers’][$i]

After moving down few lines you will find a line $i++;

After this line add following lines.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'Your RDS Endpoint';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port'] = '3306';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket'] = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension'] = 'mysqli';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = TRUE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'USERNAME';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = 'PASSWORD';

For another RDS host entry add another entry below this & so on to connect more RDS hosts .

$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'Your RDS Endpoint';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port'] = '3306';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket'] = '';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] = 'tcp';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension'] = 'mysqli';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = TRUE;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'USERNAME';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = 'PASSWORD';

 Now navigate to URL http://ElasticIPofyourhost/phpmyadmin

On the main page you will see an entry Server Choice.

Select the RDS instance you want to connect to, supply Username & Password of RDS instance & Get Connected !!!!

Enjoy!

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