HTTP and HTTPS are both protocols used to transfer data over the internet, but they differ in the way they secure data and ensure its integrity.
This stands for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol” and is the protocol used to transfer data between a web server and a web browser. When you visit a website that uses It, your browser sends a request to the web server, and the server responds by sending the requested data back to the browser. However, It does not provide any security measures, which means that any data transferred between the browser and the server can be intercepted and read by anyone with access to it.
On the other hand, this stands for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure” and is a more secure version of HTTP. HTTPS uses encryption to secure the data transferred between the browser and the server, which means that even if the data is intercepted, it cannot be read. It also provides authentication, which ensures that the website you are visiting is the one it claims to be and that no one is intercepting or modifying the data being transferred between the browser and the server.
In short, while both HTTP and HTTPS are used to transfer data over the Internet, It provide a more secure and reliable way to transmit sensitive information, such as passwords, credit card information, and other private data. Therefore, it is always recommended to use HTTPS when browsing the web, especially when you need to provide any sensitive information.
Why HTTPS is more secure
It is more secure than HTTP because it uses encryption to protect the data transmitted between the browser and the server. When you visit a website using HTTPS, the website’s server will send a digital certificate to your browser to verify its identity. The certificate is issued by a trusted certificate authority (CA) and contains the website’s public key. Your browser then uses this public key to establish an encrypted connection with the website’s server. This process is known as a “handshake.”
Once the connection is established, all data that is transmitted between your browser and the server is encrypted using a cryptographic algorithm. This means that even if a third party intercepts the data, they will not be able to read it because they do not have the key to decrypt the information.
In addition to encryption, It also provides authentication. This means that the website you are communicating with is verified to be the actual website and not a fake one set up to steal your information. The digital certificate provided by the website’s server contains information about the website, including its domain name and other identifying information. The certificate is issued by a trusted third-party certificate authority, which ensures that the website is legitimate.
Overall, It provides a more secure way to transmit sensitive data over the internet by encrypting the data and verifying the website’s identity. This is why it is always recommended to use HTTPS whenever you are entering sensitive information online, such as your credit card details, login credentials, or personal information.