What is Amazon Athena?
Amazon Athena is an analytics and interactive query service that use interactive standard SQL to analyze data stored on Simple Storage Service (S3). It is a serverless service i.e. there is no need to setup the instances for the datastore and manage the infrastructure. Also, there is no need to load data to Athena or run complex ETL processes. All you need to do is to point the data from the application to AWS S3. You can also simply store the logs on S3 to analyze with them with SQL queries.
What Kind of Data Amazon Athena Analyzes?
Amazon Athena is capable of analyzing and processing the structured data sets in the form of tables, semi-structured and unstructured data in any format. There are various formats like CSV, JSON, columnar data formats such as Apache Parquet and Apache ORC. You can also use Amazon Athena to generate reports or to explore data with business intelligence tools or SQL clients, connected via a JDBC driver.
Back-End Structure of Amazon Athena
Amazon Athena uses a distributed SQL engine to run the queries called Presto. It uses Apache Hive to store the structured data. Apache Hive is a data warehouse tool that creates, drops and alters tables and partitions in the datasets.
Amazon Athena provides its query editor that help developers to create a query on the data, which is written on Apache Hive. These queries are compliant DDL Create Table statements or DDL drafted in Apache Hive, which facilitates reading, writing, and managing large and distributed data sets. Apache Hive supports various SQL functions and provides data partitioning similar to the concept of external tables. Athena metadata store is a repository that stores metadata such as column names and table definitions. It also supports various window functions, complex joins, and nested queries; and uses an approach known as schema-on-read, which allows developers to project their schema on the data at the same time when the query is executed.
Athena use compute resources or pools from multiple AZs (availability zones) to accelerate the performance of a query. Also, it allows developers to run queries parallelly on massive data size which may be in Terabytes or Petabytes.)
Pricing of Amazon Athena
Amazon Athena is a pay-as-you-go service, which is charged based on the number of queries executed. Since the data is stored on AWS S3, the charges are 5 per TB of scanned data from Amazon S3. Athena does not charge anything on the failed queries. DDL Statements like CREATE, ALTER, DROP and partitioning queries are totally free. If you cancel a query, you will be charged only for the scanned data up to that point. Of course, you can reduce costs by using columnar formats, compression, and partitions. With all such techniques, Athena scans fewer data from Amazon S3.
It is simple to calculate the charges for AWS Athena as it is based on the amount of data that needs to be analyzed. It improves the performance of the query and helps organizations to save cost by converting the data to the columnar formats by using open-source tools such as Apache Parquet and Apache ORC.