Unleashing Real-Time Connections: A Comprehensive Guide to Webhooks in Drupal 9

28 / Nov / 2023 by anurag.nagar 0 comments


In the dynamic world of web development, Drupal 9’s adaptability and extensibility shine through, offering innovative features such as webhooks. Webhooks are a powerful tool that enables Drupal to communicate in real-time with external systems, allowing for seamless integration and event-driven actions. In this blog post, we will delve into the concept of webhooks, explore their significance in Drupal 9, and provide practical examples demonstrating both the sender and receiver sides of webhook implementations.

Understanding Webhooks

Webhooks serve as a mechanism for one system (the sender) to notify another system (the receiver) about specific events in real-time. This real-time communication enables Drupal to trigger actions or send data to external systems whenever defined events occur within the Drupal environment.

Key Concepts in Webhooks

  1. Events:
    • In Drupal 9, events represent specific occurrences such as content creation, updates, or user actions. Webhooks are configured to trigger based on these events.
  2. Endpoints:
    • An endpoint is the URL where the webhook sends its payload. It serves as the bridge through which Drupal communicates with external systems.
  3. Payloads:
    • The payload is the data sent to the endpoint when an event occurs. It typically includes information about the event, providing context to the receiver.

Setting Up Webhooks in Drupal 9

  1. Webhooks Module:
    • Begin by installing and enabling the Webhooks module. Utilize the following Drush command to enable the module:
      drush en webhooks
  2. Configuring Webhooks:
    • After enabling the Webhooks module, access the configuration page by navigating to admin/config/system/webhooks. Here, you can manage and configure your webhooks.

Example: Sender Webhook for Content Creation

Let’s start by setting up a sender webhook that notifies an external system when new content is created on the Drupal site.

  1. Create a Sender Webhook:
    • Go to admin/config/system/webhooks/add and configure a new webhook. Set the event trigger to “Node is created” and provide the endpoint URL of the external system.
  2. Define Sender Payload Structure:
    • Customize the payload structure to include relevant information about the newly created content.
     "title": "[node:title]", 
     "url": "[node:url]",
     "author": "[node:author:name]" 
  3. Testing the Sender Webhook:
    • Create a new content node on your Drupal site, and the configured sender webhook will trigger, sending the payload to the specified endpoint.

Example: Receiver Webhook for User Registration

Now, let’s set up a receiver webhook that listens for events from an external system when a new user registers on the Drupal site.

  1. Create a Receiver Webhook:
    • Configure a new webhook with the event trigger set to “User is created.” This webhook will listen for external notifications.
  2. Define Receiver Payload Structure:
    • Customize the payload structure to include relevant information about the registered user.
    "username": "[user:name]",
    "email": "[user:mail]"
  3. Testing the Receiver Webhook:
    • Simulate an external system sending a notification to the Drupal site about a new user registration. The configured receiver webhook will capture the payload and process the information.


Webhooks in Drupal 9 empower developers to create real-time connections and foster seamless communication between Drupal sites and external systems. Whether sending notifications about content updates or receiving data about user actions, webhooks enhance Drupal’s capabilities for integration and collaboration. By grasping the core concepts and exploring practical examples of both sender and receiver webhooks, you can unlock the full potential of Drupal 9’s real-time capabilities, enabling a new era of dynamic, interconnected web applications.


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